When people think about investing, they often think about the stock market. Actively investing in Wall Street can be daunting but others who are able to tolerate the risk can and do invest in individual companies. Many of our parents and grandparents bought stock in Blue Chip companies like Ford and General Motors, AT&T and IBM, and held their shares for decades, resulting in a nice little nest egg.
Some Americans currently approaching retirement bought stock in Apple, Amazon and Microsoft back in the early 2000s and have accumulated a tidy sum, while others bought mutual funds decades ago with the hope that appreciation and compound interest would make their retirement more secure.
The problem is that government makes our senior years less secure by taxing inflation, and House Republicans want to stop it. The term of art for this is indexing capital gains for inflation, which is actually simpler than it sounds. The non-partisan Tax Foundation explains it rather well:
“Say an investor put $5,000 in the stock market in the year 2000. Under the current law, if that $5,000 generously turned into $8,000 over those 18 years, they would be taxed on the $3,000 gain, resulting in a tax liability of $450. The problem is, in 2018, that $5,000 from 2000 is equivalent to roughly $7,100 today. Inflation accounted for $2,100 of that gain. This means the investor only really made $900, not $3,000.”
Assuming a 15 percent capital gains tax, that’s a difference of $315 in taxes between the actual profit and the “paper profit,” which is mostly inflation. Extrapolate this difference over a lifetime of saving and we’re talking about real money in your pocket. Apply this to an entire nation of savers and the financial impact is extraordinary.
This flow of money would create some 400,000 new jobs by 2025 and boost Gross Domestic Product by about half a trillion dollars, according to Gary Robbins, a former Treasury Department economist. By his estimate, indexing capital gains for inflation in 2017 would have pumped $1.1 trillion of capital into our economy through 2025.
Indexing capital gains for inflation is the next step in turbo-charging the American economy. President Trump and Congress have already brought significant tax relief to individuals and corporations. If Congress can now make the Trump tax cuts permanent and enact indexing capital gains for inflation, the economic growth would eclipse anything we’ve seen in decades.